What do the data show about trade and poverty? It's a pretty positive story.
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Gallup, Sachs, Mellinger's “Geography and Economic Development”
Weil, David's “Economic Growth 3rd Edition”
Wacziarg and Welch's “Trade Liberatization and Growth: New Evidence”
Feyrer's “Distance, "Trade and Income: The 1967-1975 Closing of the Suez Canal as a Natural Experiment”
Eaton and Kortum's “Trade in Ideas: Patenting and Productivity in the OECD”
Acharya and Keller's "Technology Transfer Through Imports"
Is it reasonable to assume that an increase in GDP also results in an increase of the Gigi coefficient?
No. Think about how much some countries have grown over the last millennium, from <$500 per capita to dizzying sums like $40,000 per capita. If it were reasonable to assume that, then presumably one would also assume that the increase in Gini coefficient is really tiny *and* there was no such thing as wealth inequality in the past.